This page was reviewed or revised on Tuesday, March 05, 2013 11:28 AM
Environmental Health & Prevention Services
The GARDASIL® vaccine protects against the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, 18 and works best when given before any contact with these types of HPV. HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Canada and the world.
GARDASIL® is free for girls in Grade 8-12. A one-time catch-up program will also be offered from September 2012-June 2013 for females that were in grade 8 in the 2007/2008 school year.
HPV is a common virus and there are many different types. Some types cause no harm and go away on their own; others can cause diseases of the genital area and can develop into cervical cancer, pre-cancerous lesions or genital warts, depending on the HPV type. Types 6 and 11 cause genital warts. Types 16 and18 cause:
Types 16 and18 cause about 70% of cervical cancers and types 6 and 11 cause about 90% of genital warts. GARDASILl® helps prevent these diseases – but it will not treat them.
The GARDASIL® vaccine is a series of 3 shots. The vaccine is safe for females 9-45 years of age and males who are 9-26 years of age. Ideally the doses are given as:
Yes. Serious side effects are rare. Common side effects are similar to those with other vaccines:
GARDASIL® is not recommended for:
Research shows that the vaccine protects against infection with the HPV vaccine types for at least 5 years. Studies are still underway to see if protection will last longer, or if a booster dose is needed.
GARDASIL® is not meant for treatment of active genital warts, or cervical, vulvar or vaginal cancers. However, if infected with one type of HPV, GARDASIL® can protect against the other 3 types.
Females who receive GARDASIL® should continue cervical cancer screening and follow their doctor’s advice on pap testing.
Severe reactions are rare. However, you should wait 15 minutes after your injection before leaving.
Report any severe reaction to your health care provider or to Community Health Services Department.
To learn more about Ontario's Grade 8 HPV Vaccination Program: http:/www.health.gov.on.ca/en/ms/hpv/
Information on Sexual Health (located on this website)