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Pregnancy and Before Links

Parent Drop-In Program

Prenatal Classes

Smoking Cessation Programs & Services in Lambton County

Pregnancy and HIV/AIDS

This page was reviewed or revised on Wednesday, March 26, 2014 10:34 AM

What is AIDS?

AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the advanced stage of the disease caused by a virus called HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

The virus attacks and destroys the body's immune system, its defense against disease. Without protection of the immune system, people with AIDS suffer from fatal infections and cancers.

A person infected with HIV does not look any different and may not have any symptoms for a long time, i.e. 10-15 years.

How can you or your partner get the AIDS virus (HIV)?

  • unprotected sex with an infected person.
  • sharing dirty needles and works (needles, syringes, spoons, water) with an infected person.
  • infected blood or blood products.

How can your baby get the AIDS virus (HIV)?

If you are HIV positive, you can pass the infection on to your baby during pregnancy, at birth or while breastfeeding. About one baby in four born to an HIV positive woman in Canada gets infected with the virus. There are anti-HIV medications that can substantially reduce the chance of passing the virus to the baby. This makes knowing your HIV status very important when planning a pregnancy.

An AIDS test? Me?

A simple blood test can tell if someone has the AIDS virus (HIV). If the test is negative, it means the person is probably not infected. However, it can take 12-14 weeks for the infection to show on a test. If the test is positive, it means the person has been infected with the virus and could pass the virus on to others.

Where can you get tested?

You have to ask specifically for an HIV test - no one is able to test your blood for HIV without your permission. It is good to know your HIV status so that you can protect others and get proper care and support.

Testing is available at :

  • your doctor's office 
  • Lambton Public Health by appointment 519-383-8331 ext. 3550 or 3551
  • any anonymous test sites throughout the province ( information available through lambton Public Health at 519-383-8331 ext. 3550 or 3551

More questions?

Ask your doctor or contact any of the following resources:

In Lambton County:
Lambton Public Health
Information on transmission, contact tracing and testing.
Telephone: 519-383-8331 ext. 3550 or 3551

In London:
Reginal HIV/AIDs Conection
1-866-920-1601
http://www.hivaidsconnection.ca/